Publications: Peer-reviewed journal articles (by staff)
Can additives ameliorate oxidative stress and improve development of Greenshell mussel (Perna canaliculus) oocytes during cryopreservation
Gale SL, Buritt DJ, Tervit HR, McGowan LT and Adams SL 2015. Can additives ameliorate oxidative stress and improve development of Greenshell mussel (Perna canaliculus) oocytes during cryopreservation? Cryo Letters, 36(1), 37-44.
Cryopreservation of P. canaliculus oocytes has not yet been achieved.
The present study is to investigate whether the incorporation of: DMSO (0.09%), α-tocopherol (0.1 mM) plus taurine (1 mM) and ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid (EDTA; 0.1 mM), is beneficial during cryopreservation.
These three additives were incorporated to both the cryoprotectant (CPA) and recovery media, and evaluated in terms of development and oxidative stress at three key stages of cryopreservation: 1) cryoprotectant addition [10% v/v ethylene glycol plus 0.2M trehalose; final concentration], 2) cooling to -6 degrees C, and 3) cooling to -35 degrees C and liquid nitrogen immersion.
Over all treatments (including controls) progressive cryopreservation steps resulted in a decrease in fertilization and development to D-larvae, an increase in macromolecular oxidative damage markers (protein carbonyls, lipid hydroperoxides and oxidized DNA), and a decrease in enzymatic (superoxide dismutase, catalase, glutathione S-transferase and glutathione reductase) and non-enzymatic antioxidants.
Whilst results varied, the major effects of the additives were the improved percentage fertilization and a decrease in macromolecular damage.