Publications: Peer-reviewed journal articles (by staff)
Cholesterol addition and removal in Pacific oyster oocytes does not improve cryopreservation success
Salinas-Flores L, Adams SL, Lim MH 2008. Cholesterol addition and removal in Pacific oyster oocytes does not improve cryopreservation success. Cryoletters 29 (5):391-398.
An optimum cholesterol content in cells could provide the benefit of lowering or eliminating the lipid phase transition temperature, while maintaining membrane fluidity and strength; thus, making cells less sensitive to chilling injury and more amenable to cryopreservation. Such effects were shown in some gametes and embryos of certain mammalian species, however, some other cell types, benefited from cholesterol removal. The experiments developed in this study aimed to determine the effect of incubating Pacific oyster (Crassostrea gigas) oocytes in cholesterol-addition or removal solutions prior to cryopreservation on their post-thaw fertilization ability. The results showed a positive association of cholesterol with the oocytes when assessed by fluorescent microscopy. However, this uptake was not reflected by an increase in cholesterol as determined by colorimetric analysis or in the post-thaw fertilization rate of treated oocytes. It is presumed either that oyster oocytes already contain a substantial amount of cholesterol or other lipids in their plasma membranes and do not benefit from any additional cholesterol or there is no lipid phase transition temperature in oyster oocytes.